• Nathalie Gazzaneo

The Workforce Almanac

About The Almanac


Over 60% of American workers do not hold a 4-year college degree. These almost 70 million American workers without a bachelor’s degree have gained crucial skills through on the job training, bootcamps, micro-credentialing programs, community colleges, and many other types of job training programs.


Short-term workforce training programs have been growing in demand. Polling data finds that Americans are increasingly seeking education programs that are relevant for work and suited to their personal needs. Over the past two years, even as community college enrollment has dropped, bootcamps and online training programs are growing in size and market share. Billions in federal, state, and private philanthropic dollars support an expanding set of non-profit, for-profit, and public programs where learners gain work-relevant skills in service of job attainment.


However, system-level data about the US workforce development sector (WDS) is sparse or incomplete, program-level data is highly fragmented, and replicable drivers of program success remain ill-understood. There is no validated benchmarking information about costs, pedagogical approach, program characteristics, duration, equity, or performance outcomes across the field.


At the Almanac, we are building better, open-access, systemic data and evidence about the WDS. Our work aims to advance three key public policy goals:


  • To more effectively identify who is served and underserved in the WDS

  • To better understand the types of jobs the WDS is training for

  • And ultimately, to orient resource allocation towards equity, effective programs, and areas of highest need.


Our Research


Through our research, we seek to advance knowledge about America’s WDS in three primary ways:


  1. We are building an open-access novel data infrastructure that combines distinct data sources covering the WDS, including 70,000+ publicly-funded training programs.

  2. We are designing, testing, and executing a survey instrument, which draws on a random sampling population technique to collect generalizable insights about the WDS. In interviews conducted with WD providers, we will collect information about aspects of the WDS not yet covered by existing data sources, including programs' models, pedagogy, participants served, and if/how program success is currently being tracked.

  3. We are also disseminating our findings on the WDS in the form of practitioner-focused feedback and publications. For instance, our upcoming first white paper offers a descriptive analysis of the publicly-funded Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) eligible training programs.


We hope to build research that serves as a public good for the workforce development ecosystem. We aim to work alongside leaders and practitioners in public, private, philanthropic, and academic organizations to build a new system-level resource that better understand the state of the field, and ultimately orient the sector towards more equitable and effective outcomes.


The Almanac Team


David Deming | Principal Investigator

Peter Blair | Advisor

Joseph Fuller | Advisor

Robert Schwartz | Advisor


Rachel Lipson | Director


Nathalie Gazzaneo | Research Fellow


Tessa Forshaw | Doctoral Researcher

Alexis Gable | Doctoral Researcher

Arkādijs Zvaigzne | Doctoral Researcher

Jorge Encinas | Doctoral Researcher


Austin Batson | Research Assistant

Andrew Epifanio | Research Assistant

Vidisha Mehta | Research Assistant

Eric Brown | Research Assistant


Janellie Salcedo | Operations